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Different types of Physiotherapy

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Just as there is with any type of medicine, there are also different types of physiotherapy.
Physiotherapists practice in many different areas and physiotherapy is used to treat a variety of conditions, illnesses and diseases as well as in rehabilitation of patients who have suffered a broken bone, back or neck injury or even a stroke or heart attack.

One of the most common types of physiotherapy involves those who work with back and neck injury patients. These therapists gently manipulate the spine to either lessen stiffening from a neck injury, ease muscle tightness in the neck or back, or even manipulate a herniated disc back into place. These physiotherapists are very familiar with the spinal column and how it affects our health. Many people seek treatment from such physiotherapists whenever they have a back or neck injury, both of which are very common. Others seek treatment from such physiotherapists to alleviate symptoms from migraine headaches, which many believe is the result of a misaligned spinal column.

Other different types of physiotherapy include therapists who work with people who are immobilized in a hospital. Although they may not be able to move, for many different reasons, it is imperative that blood circulation continues in their extremities. Although there are special “boots” that patients can wear to continue blood circulation in their legs, physiotherapists often work with such patients, including those in a coma, to insure that movement continues in the extremities and atrophy does not occur.

Still yet other types of physiotherapy involve working with injured people who are trying to walk again after a spinal injury or stroke. This takes much time and can be painful for the patient, but he reward can be the difference of spending the rest of their lives in a wheelchair or being able to use their legs again. In cases such as this, a physiotherapist is invaluable and can make a great impact on the patient’s life. This is one reason why, unlike doctors, physiotherapists make a concerted effort to befriend their patient and establish a bond.

Other types of physiotherapy concentrate on helping those with illnesses such as Parkinson’s disease, Multiple Sclerosis, Cystic Fibrosis, Muscular Dystrophy and other disabling and life threatening conditions. Others treat children and are called pediatric physiotherapists. They mainly concentrate on children with disease present at birth or those with broken bones.

There are many different types of physiotherapy and all have a great benefit to the medical community. Over the past few decades, more people have opted to go into this profession that offers patients recovering from illness, accident, surgery or who have a disease or condition that requires movement, a chance to live a longer, more productive and pain-free life. Physiotherapists practice in hospitals, rehab facilities and even in private offices. Some physiotherapists specialize in treating homebound patients, such as the elderly, and make home visits periodically to maintain movement for those who are bedridden or unable to walk.

Physiotherapy is a growing science and well respected in the medical community. There are many different types of physiotherapy and newer developments within this scientific field are emerging all of the time.

SHOULDER REHABILITATION

SHOULDER REHABILITATION


Summary: Basic exercises are a part of shoulder rehabilitation.

Watching a championship game in the front row is like living a dream. Well not if you’re supposed to be playing in the game. Aside from getting the gold, athletes are also concerned with maintaining a healthy and an injury-free career life.

But athletes are not the only ones who encounter problems that would require shoulder rehabilitation. While this is indeed common in the sports scene, non-athletes who have injured their shoulders in accidents may need to go through shoulder rehabilitation as well.

Shoulder rehabilitation as with other types of rehabilitation, focuses in the restoration of the normal functions before the impairment. An exercise program or therapy prescribed to the patient signals the start of the rehabilitation stage. However, medical experts said that rehabilitation actually begins from the time the patient has been seen by a health care practitioner, and ends right after the patient’s release.

There are two very common injuries to the shoulder that necessitates shoulder rehabilitation. These are: Subacromial Syndromes and Shoulder Instability. The first lesion means a rotator cuff tear which is characterized by frequent shoulder pains. The aim of shoulder rehabilitation for this particular injury is to bring back the muscular balances between the elevators and depressors. A person suffering from instability of the shoulder would need shoulder rehabilitation as it will restore the muscular balance between internal and external rotators of the shoulder.

Reducing activity, compressing the injured shoulder, elevating the injured shoulder above heart level, and taking in medications like anti-inflammatory, are only some of the things that comprise the dislocated shoulder rehabilitation. Its objectives include strengthening the muscles, increasing flexibility, and establish painless movements. Extreme injury cases however, would mean avoidance of activities that would cause shoulder pains.

There are shoulder rehabilitation exercises that have to be done on both sides of the body to maintain balance. Doing these exercises can increase the strength of both shoulders and may prevent the occurrence of injury to either one of the shoulder. Some of the shoulder rehabilitation exercises that you may be required by your doctor to practice are: shrugs, bicep curls, triceps curls, chest raises, saws, pendulum swings, shoulder rotation, shoulder flexion, towel stretch, and flexed elbow pull. Your doctor may prescribe other exercises instead of or on top of the ones mentioned earlier depending on the nature and intensity of the injury. There are also exercises that don’t necessarily require movements from the injured area, some of which are: stationary bicycle, walking, jogging, and swimming (if pain is tolerable).

Shoulder rehabilitation and therapy should be based on the degree of injury that a person has and its response to the treatments. Exercises and physical activities should all be done according to the doctor’s prescriptions for a more successful shoulder rehabilitation.

How Physiotherapy Can Help With Sports Injuries

How Physiotherapy Can Help With Sports Injuries

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When players have sports injuries, they turn to physiotherapy for rehabilitation.
Physiotherapy, also called physical therapy, offers help whether the player is having surgery to correct the damage or not.

One example of the many sports injuries is an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. This is an injury to the knee. It is one of the common sports injuries in people who play sports that challenge their knees, such as hockey, skating, skiing, basketball, and of course, football. It can limit the range of a player’s motion in that leg, and make the leg weak.

Surgery is sometimes done for these sports injuries, but physiotherapy is always a part of the treatment. The three major exercises done to start the healing process of ACL are heel slides, quad sets, and straight leg raises.

Heel slides are exercises for ACL sports injuries that are easy to understand, but may be painful to do at first. One simply lies on the bed or floor with the foot down. Then, one slides the foot slowly towards the buttocks until it hurts a little, and slides it back. This and the other exercises help prepare the knee for surgery or to heal without it.

Another of the sports injuries that physiotherapy is used for is tennis elbow. One might get tennis elbow from playing tennis, certainly, but it can also come about from any activity that involves twisting the wrist.

Sports injuries like tennis elbow are treated with a comprehensive plan of physiotherapy. Exercises are explained and assigned. Another common procedure for sports injuries is the use of ultrasound. Ultrasound is a way of applying heat deep into the muscle for pain relief.

Electrical stimulation can be used to keep pain from being felt through the nervous system. It is used for tennis elbow and many other sports injuries. Massage and manual therapy can also be used for physiotherapy.

Massage is one of the forms of soft tissue manipulation. However, soft tissue manipulation is to muscles what chiropractic is to bones. It deals not only with muscle, but with tendons and connective tissue as well. It is a specialized field of physiotherapy that has been used for people with sports injuries on many occasions.

As many children’s sports teams are becoming ever more competitive, sports injuries among youngsters is increasing. Often, a well-meaning parent will tell the child to shake it off and keep playing. It is even more important for children to get adequate physiotherapy than it is for adults. Children are just developing, and a problem in childhood can lead to lifelong pain.

Some sports injuries happen because something physically traumatic happens to your body. Someone runs into you as you run with the football towards the end zone, for example. Other times, it is simply a matter of the physical demands you put on your body.

Physiotherapy is instrumental in the healing of many sports injuries. Many professional sports teams have physiotherapists on their staffs. In fact, either ACL or tennis elbow can become permanent conditions without the use of physiotherapy procedures.